François-Gaston de Lévis

A 19th-century engraving of Lévis

(1719-08-20)20 August 1719
Ajac, Aude, France

26 November 1787(1787-11-26) (aged 68)
Arras, France

 Kingdom of France

French Army

Years of service
c. 1735–1783

Marshal of France

Commands held
Commander-in-chief, New France


War of the Polish Succession
War of the Austrian Succession

Siege of Prague
Battle of Dettingen

Seven Years’ War

Battle of Fort William Henry
Battle of Carillon
Battle of Beauport
Battle of Sainte-Foy
Battle of Nauheim

Other work
Governor of Artois


Seven Years’ War in North America: The French and Indian War, St. Lawrence and Mohawk theater

Lake George
Fort Bull
Fort Oswego
1st Snowshoes
Sabbath Day Point
Fort William Henry
German Flatts
2nd Snowshoes
Fort Carillon
Fort Frontenac
La Belle-Famille
Fort Niagara
Fort Ticonderoga
St. Francis
Thousand Islands

François-Gaston de Lévis, Duc de Lévis (20 August 1719 – 20 November 1787), styled as the Chevalier de Lévis until 1785, was a French noble and a Marshal of France. He served with distinction in the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession, and was second-in-command to Louis-Joseph de Montcalm in the defense of New France during the Seven Years’ War. Following the surrender of New France in 1760, he served in Europe. After the war[which?] he was appointed Governor of Artois, and in 1783 he was made a Marshal of France.


1 North American military service
2 Retirement
3 References

3.1 Bibliography

4 External links

North American military service[edit]
In 1756, the Marquis de Vaudreuil was informed that King Louis XV of France was sending the Marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm to take over French forces in North America, with Lévis as second in command. Vaudreuil wrote back that there was no need to send another general, as Vaudreuil disliked the tactics of most “municipal” French generals. When Montcalm arrived despite Vaudreuil’s protest, the two men developed a dislike for each other. Lévis diplomatically cultivated good relations with both men, and managed to avoid getting dragged into the feuds between the two.[citation needed]
Lévis led the vanguard of the French expedition to Fort William Henry in 1757, and laid siege to it until Montcalm’s arrival.
During French planning for the 1758 campaign in th